316 316L Stainless Steel Sheet and Plate Supplier
- Thickness: 0.05mm – 200mm
- Width: 600mm – 2000mm, the narrowed products pls check in strip products
- Length: 500mm-12000mm
- Finish: 2B, 2D, Black, NO.1, Anneal pickling
- MOQ: 2MT
316 is stainless steel due to the addition of Mo aspects and also high-temperature power has improved, high temperatures up-to 1200-1300 degrees, can be used under harsh ailments.
316L is a kind of stainless steel. Due to the molybdenum material in steel, this steel’s complete performance is significantly much far better than that of 310 and 304 stainless steel. Under high-temperature states, the moment the concentration of sulfuric acid is lower than 15% or less than 85%, 316L stainless steel includes a large range. use. 316L stainless steel additionally offers great resistance to chloride attack and can be therefore utilized in marine environments.
316L Stainless steel has the highest carbon content of 0.03 and can be used in software where annealing isn’t possible and optimum corrosion resistance is required.
-316 316L Cold Rolled Stainless Steel Sheet and Plate, Cold rolled 316 316Lsheets, Cold rolled 316 316L Plate
- Thickness: 0.2mm – 3.0mm
- Width: 300mm – 2000mm, the narrowed products pls check in strip products
- Length: 1000mm-6000mm
- Finish: 2B, 2D
-316 316L Hot Rolled Stainless Steel Sheet and Plate, Hot Rolled 316 316L Sheet, 316 316L PMP, 316 316L CMP
- Thickness: 1.2mm – 200mm
- Width: 300mm – 3200mm
- Length: 500mm – 12000mm
- Finish: Black, NO.1, Anneal pickling
Specification of 316&316L Stainless Steel Sheets
|ASTM A240/A240M||≤ 0.08||≤ 1.00||≤ 2.00||≤ 0.045||≤ 0.030||10.0-14.0||16.0-18.0||2.0-3.0|
|EN 10028-7||≤ 0.08||≤ 1.00||≤ 2.00||≤ 0.045||≤ 0.030||10.0-14.0||16.0-18.0||2.0-2.5|
|JIS G4304||≤ 0.08||≤ 1.00||≤ 2.00||≤ 0.045||≤ 0.030||10.0-14.0||16.0-18.0||2.0-3.0|
|GB/T 4237||≤ 0.08||≤ 1.00||≤ 2.00||≤ 0.045||≤ 0.030||10.0-14.0||16.0-18.0||2.0-3.0|
|ASTM A240/ASME SA240||≤ 0.03||≤ 0.75||≤ 2.00||≤ 0.045||≤ 0.030||10.0-14.0||16.0-18.0||2.0-3.0||≤ 0.10|
|EN 10028-7||≤ 0.03||≤ 1.00||≤ 2.00||≤ 0.045||≤ 0.030||10.0-13.0||16.0-18.0||2.0-2.5||≤ 0.11|
|JIS G4304/4305||≤ 0.03||≤ 1.00||≤ 2.00||≤ 0.045||≤ 0.030||10.0-14.0||16.0-18.0||2.0-3.0||≤ 0.11|
|GB/T 4237/4238||≤ 0.03||≤ 1.00||≤ 2.00||≤ 0.045||≤ 0.030||10.0-14.0||16.0-18.0||2.0-3.0||≤ 0.10|
Properties of 316&316L Stainless Steel Sheets
|Physical Properties||316 Stainless Steel||316L Stainless Steel|
|Melting Point (℃)||1370-1400||1370-1400|
|Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (10-⁶/K)||16.5-18.2||16.5-18.2|
|Thermal Conductivity (W/m-K)||15.0-17.0||15.0-17.0|
|Mechanical Properties||316 Stainless Steel||316L Stainless Steel|
Among them, Y.S. denotes yield strength, T.S. denotes tensile strength, E.L. denotes elongation, HB denotes Brinell hardness, HRB denotes Rockwell hardness, HBW denotes Brinell hardness (weight method), and HV denotes Vickers hardness.
It can be seen that 316 and 316L are basically the same in physical properties, but slightly different in mechanical properties. 316 has a higher tensile strength and yield strength than 316L, while 316L has a slightly higher elongation. This is due to the addition of a certain amount of low-carbon elements in 316L, resulting in a more stable grain boundary, which improves its corrosion resistance and fatigue resistance.
Product Process of 316&316L Stainless Steel Sheets
Prepare raw materials of 316 and 316L stainless steel, usually purchased from steel mills in sheets or coils.
Cutting and Processing
The raw material is cut to the required size and shape using cutting equipment and machine processing. Equipment such as shears, cutters, and sheet benders are usually used.
Heating the sheet or coil at high temperatures to change its structure and mechanical properties. This step makes the sheet or coil easier to process.
Inspection and Quality Control
During the production process, quality control of the stainless steel sheet or coil is performed using various inspection and testing methods. This includes the use of testing instruments to check dimensions, hardness, surface quality, chemical composition, etc.
This step involves surface treatment such as cleaning, polishing or plating to improve the appearance and properties of the stainless steel sheet or coil.
The plate or coil is finished using different machine processing equipment. For example, using machine planers, grinders, drill presses, etc. for leveling, perforating and machining.
Features of 316&316L Stainless Steel Sheets
Corrosion Resistance is far better compared to 304 stainless steel, together with excellent corrosion resistance from the manufacturing procedure for paper and pulp. 316L stainless steel is resistant to erosion from competitive and sea atmospheres.
316 Corrosion immunity is significantly much far better compared to 304 stainless steel, at the pulp and newspaper manufacturing process contains good rust immunity. Along with stainless steel is resistant to this erosion of the competitive setting and their oceans.
316 stainless steel has Great Rust Resistance for irregular usage below 871 ° C (1600 ° F) and steady use previously mentioned at 927 ° C (1700 ° F). It is wise not to continuously use 316 stainless steel in the scope of 427 ° C-857 ° C (800 ° F-1575 ° F), but stainless steel possesses excellent heating resistance when 3-16 stainless steel is continuously used beyond this temperature range. 316L stainless steel carbide precipitation performance is a lot better than 316 stainless steel, available in the aforementioned temperature selection.
316L Stainless steel includes good oxidation resistance in use beneath 1600 °C and constant use beneath 700 °C. At 800-1575 degrees’ scope, it is best not to last to act. 316L stainless steel, however if 316L stainless steel is always used outside this temperature range, stainless steel includes excellent heat resistance. 316L stainless steel has carbide precipitation resistance compared to 316 stainless steel and can be utilized at the aforementioned temperature selection.
Annealing is performed at a temperature at the scope of both 850 and 1050 ° C accompanied by annealing accompanied closely by accelerated cooling. 3-16 stainless steel may not be tempered by heat therapy.
Even the Alternative annealing is done at a temperature assortment of both 1010-1150 levels and then cooled. 316L stainless steel may not be tempered by heat therapy.
316 Stainless steel with good welding performance. All standard welding processes could be used for welding. Welding can be used in line with the reason, respectively 316Cb, either 316L or 309Cb stainless steel filler rods or welding electrodes. As a way to obtain the optimal/optimally corrosion resistance, the welded section of stainless steel needs to become annealed after welding. In case 316L stainless steel is employed, no annealing is required.
316L Stainless Steel has great welding components. All standard welding methods can be used for welding. If welding, 316Cb, either 316L or 309Cb stainless steel filler rods or welding rods may be used for welding according to this applying form. For best corrosion resistance, the vented section of 316 stainless steel requires post-weld annealing. In case 316L stainless steel has been employed, post-weld annealing isn’t required.
Application of 316&316L Stainless Steel Sheets
316 and 316L Stainless Steel Sheets are used in a wide range of applications. They are commonly used in paper-making equipment, dye equipment, film processing equipment, pipelines, and exterior building materials in coastal areas. In addition, they are used in a wide range of applications such as valves, nuts, housings, clamps, ball valves, and valve stems.
316 and 316L stainless steels are widely used in equipment and piping systems such as tanks, reactors, furnace tubes, steam generators, pipelines, etc. in the chemical, oil and gas industries due to their excellent corrosion resistance.
316 and 316L stainless steels are also an excellent material for marine structures because of their excellent corrosion resistance and high strength. They are commonly used in the manufacture of ships, offshore drilling rigs, desalination equipment, offshore oil platforms, submarines, etc.
316 and 316L stainless steels are widely used in medical devices, surgical instruments and dental instruments because of their good compatibility with human tissue and good corrosion resistance without any harmful effects on the human body.
Food Processing Industry
316 and 316L stainless steels are very important to the food processing industry because they do not produce any harmful effects on food and have good resistance to corrosion and cleaning agents. Therefore, they are commonly used in the manufacture of food processing equipment, such as storage tanks, agitators, conveyor belts, pipes, etc.
In the pulp and paper industry, 316 and 316L are commonly used in the manufacture of heat exchanger equipment. They are also used in film processing equipment, exterior materials for buildings in coastal areas, watch manufacturing, and other fields. In addition, they are often used in seawater manufacturing equipment, chemicals, dyes, pulp acid, fertilizer, and other equipment; cameras, food industry equipment, ropes, CD discs, and bolts.
Both 316 and 316L are commonly used stainless steel materials that differ in their slightly different chemical compositions. 316L has a reduced carbon content compared to 316, which makes it more resistant to corrosion during welding. In addition, 316L is also considered a low carbon stainless steel because its carbon content is below 0.03%, while 316 has a carbon content between 0.08% and 0.03%. Because of this difference, 316L is more suitable for use in corrosive environments, such as marine environments and chemical processing sites.
The manufacturing processes for 316 and 316L are, for the most part, identical, and both materials are processed and fabricated in essentially the same manner. However, in some applications, such as use in high temperature or highly corrosive environments, there are effects on the chemical composition and crystal structure of the material that require special manufacturing processes to meet the needs of these specific applications.
In the manufacture of 316 and 316L, electric arc furnace melting and continuous casting processes are commonly used. This method allows the chemical composition and purity of the material to be controlled to ensure compliance with standards and specifications. In the manufacture of 316L, low carbon steel is often used as the raw material to reduce the effect of carbon content and thus improve corrosion resistance.
In addition, 316L materials often require more care during processing to avoid thermal cracking. This is because the low carbon content may cause the material to be susceptible to distortion and thermal cracking at high temperatures. Therefore, manufacturing 316L requires more stringent temperature control and machining processes to ensure the quality and stability of the material.
Due to the lower carbon content in 316L, it has several characteristics:
- Better Corrosion Resistance: 316L is more resistant to corrosion compared to 316, especially after welding, as welding increases the susceptibility of 316 to intergranular corrosion, while 316L does not.
- Better Machinability: Because of the low carbon content in 316L, it can be machined and formed more easily, such as by deep-drawing, bending, and cold-forging, while 316 is relatively difficult to machine.
- Higher Tensile Strength: Although 316L has a slightly lower tensile strength than 316, 316L is more ductile and has better toughness and fatigue resistance due to its low carbon content.
Overall, the optimized chemical composition of 316L makes it more suitable than 316 for certain special applications, such as marine environments and highly corrosive environments. 316, on the other hand, due to its higher carbon content, is better suited for high-temperature and high-pressure applications, such as nuclear power plants and petrochemical equipment.
Both 316 and 316L stainless steel sheets have excellent corrosion resistance to a wide range of chemicals, including brines, acids, alkalis, chlorides, etc. Specifically, 316 stainless steel is somewhat more resistant to corrosion than 316L stainless steel, primarily due to its higher molybdenum content in its chemical composition. In addition, both 316 and 316L stainless steel sheets have heat resistant properties that allow them to maintain better corrosion resistance in high temperature environments. These characteristics make 316 and 316L stainless steel sheets widely used in chemical, marine engineering, medical equipment and other fields.
316 and 316L stainless steel sheets are generally considered non-magnetic because they are made of highly alloyed stainless steel, which contains a small amount of iron. At room temperature, these stainless steel sheets are not magnetized, but at high temperatures and/or during processing, they may develop some magnetism. In addition, 316 and 316L stainless steel sheets may also be temporarily magnetized if exposed to a strong magnetic field, but they will return to a non-magnetic state after the magnetic field is removed.
Absolutely, 316 and 316L stainless steel sheets can be welded by conventional welding methods such as inert gas shielded welding (TIG), electric arc welding (MIG) and manual arc welding. However, it is important to note that the proper temperature and protective atmosphere need to be controlled during the welding process to avoid oxidation and contamination, which can lead to lower weld quality or cracking. In addition, care needs to be taken to control the appropriate welding speed and temperature gradient when performing high-temperature welding to avoid affecting the microstructure and mechanical properties of the material.
The price of 316 and 316L stainless steel sheets can be affected by a variety of factors, including material thickness, width, length, surface finish, order quantity, delivery location, etc. If you want to know the exact price, please tell us with the quantity and product specifications you want and we will quote you as soon as possible.